Wednesday 14th September – Chobham Manor Public Consultation Event.
The London Legacy Development Corporation and Chobham Manor LLP would like to invite you to attend a public consultation on Wednesday 14th and Thursday 15th September, to discuss proposals for Phases 3 and 4 at Chobham Manor.
The event is taking place between 1pm and 3pm at the Chobham Manor Sales and Marketing Suite at 10 Olympic Park Avenue, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, Stratford, E20 1FT.
For more information, please click here.
You can also view the exhibition content online. Please click here to download the boards and feedback form:
Monday 27th June – Chobham Manor LLP proudly support the British Orienteering Sprint Championships
Organised by British Orienteering, South East Orienteering Association and Chigwell and Epping Forest Orienteering Club, this exciting competition took place on Saturday 11th June at Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford.
The £1,000 cash boost was used to fund bibs and prize-giving podiums for 1st, 2nd and 3rd place.
Event Organiser of the British Orienteering Sprint Championships, Tim Pribul, says: “This was the first time an orienteering event had been staged in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and in doing so it gave us a rare opportunity to showcase orienteering in a public space. We usually host these competitions in remote places in the hills!
“Orienteering is not currently an Olympic sport. However, supporting the legacy of the Olympic Park is something we have very much wanted to do for some time.
“It was a real achievement for us to be able to hold the event at such an iconic venue and we feel delighted and very privileged.”
Orienteering is a sport which requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain, moving at speed.
The British Orienteering Sprint Championships involved more than 1,000 runners across a number of courses tailored to suit different age groups and abilities. Some of the courses included the Chobham Manor Sales and Marketing Suite as part of the route.
Participants in the competition ran for about 15 minutes, navigating their way around the Park during the heats in the morning, while later in the day the results from the heats determined the running order for the finals. Standing on the sponsored podiums, winners received medals during a prize-giving ceremony at the end of the day.
Tim Pribul explains: “Orienteering is something that the whole family can get involved with. We often see three or four people taking part from the same family.
“We would like to thank Chobham Manor LLP for their generous sponsorship of £1,000 towards the British Orienteering Sprint Championships. We are very appreciative and it was great to have such well-known organisations supporting our sport.”
Michael O’Leary, Sales and Marketing Director for Taylor Wimpey East London, says: “When we heard that the British Orienteering Sprint Championships were coming to Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park we really wanted to show our support and get involved.
“It was fantastic to see so many people of all ages taking part in this unique event and we were very proud to be official sponsors. Congratulations to the organisers and all the volunteers for putting on such a brilliant competition and well done to all participants.”
Friday 24th June – Chobham Manor sponsorship encourages youngsters to enjoy sport
The London Legacy Development Corporation (LLDC) appointed Chobham Manor LLP and collectively we donated £5,000 to help fund the SportInspired Games held at the Copper Box Arena on Friday 10th June.
Kat Hodge, Games Manager for SportInspired, says: “It’s amazing to have the support of local businesses for this event, which provides such a fantastic way for local children to have a go at a whole range of different sports. We’re very grateful for the sponsorship provided by Chobham Manor.”
The Copper Box Festival – one of three free sports festivals organised for schools during the year by SportInspired – involved 438 Year 3, 4 and 5 pupils from seven schools in Newham: Gallions, St Helen’s Catholic, Park, Carpenters and Plaistow Primary Schools and Godwin Junior School.
There were also 150 volunteers from different organisations, including BP, FCA, Lendlease, Deuce Studio and Nike, as well as 50 Year 9 students from Chobham Academy who helped with the event.
The youngsters were able to have a go at 10 different sports – wallball, handball, basketball, tennis, table tennis, cycling, goalball, boccia, dance and athletics – as well as take park in two active healthy living sessions.
The sponsorship provided for the event is also helping to fund a series of sessions within schools to give children the chance to continue sports they enjoyed at the festival.
“The day itself is all about having fun, but there’s a big legacy element, too,” explains Kat.
“The children had a taster of lots of sports during the day and we’ve collected data on the ones they enjoyed the most. We can now pay for sports coaches from local clubs to go into schools for six weeks so the children can carry on with those sports for free.
“The aim is to encourage them to develop a commitment to the sport and raise the profile of their local club so they are much more likely to continue with sport into the future.
“A huge thank you also goes to the continuing support and backing of Newham Council who have provided invaluable guidance to ensure the success of the Games programme in the borough.”
On top of the £5,000 sponsorship, L&Q also donated an additional £9,650 to the event.
Jerome Geoghegan, Group Director of Development and Sales at L&Q for Chobham Manor, says: “We are delighted to have sponsored the SportInspired Games at the Copper Box Arena and helped provide such a fantastic sporting experience for local youngsters, which we hope will encourage many of them to continue with the sports they’ve enjoyed during the day.
“This event is a great example of the way we are supporting the legacy aims of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games to help transform the lives of local people in east London.”
Thursday 25th January – Chobham Manor – Park Primary School Theatre Visit
The money paid for pupils and staff from Park Primary School to attend a performance of Robin Hood at the Theatre Royal Stratford East on Monday 18th January.
Seventy-five Year 2 children and 14 teachers were given tickets to the fun-filled production, while performance programmes were also provided for the children to take home – and what’s more, the pupils also had their photograph taken with the cast!
This is the second year that the team at Taylor Wimpey East London has funded the panto treat for children at the school.
Helen Critchley, Deputy Head Teacher at Park Primary School says: “We’re really grateful to Taylor Wimpey for making this trip possible again this year.
“As well as being an exciting and enjoyable treat for the pupils, it also gave them a valuable experience which really inspires creativity and enriches their learning.”
Wednesday 16th December – Chobham Manor – Development Phase 2 Block 2-A
On Monday 4th January 2016 we will be commencing work on Phase 2 of Chobham Manor LLP. The initial works will involve engineers preparing for the commencement of piling on Monday 11th January.
Initially we are starting work on Block 2-A which runs parallel to Honour Lee Avenue. We have taken into consideration data received from previous piling works and have now implemented a different way of working to reduce the level of noise produced. This will include using shorter piles to speed up the process and using a piling pattern that moves away from the hoarding line. We will then be moving on to pile the area designated 2-B
We will only be piling Monday to Friday within the set hours agreed (8am to 6pm with start-up and shut-down periods of 30 minutes). There will be two piling rigs on site to speed up the process to reduce any disturbance caused. We are planning for the work to take place over a period of 8-10 weeks, and if there are any changes to this we will inform you as soon as possible.
Whilst work is taking place there will be site managers on site monitoring the noise and air quality sensors to ensure we do not exceed the set limits. At all times we will be aware of our neighbours and try to work in a way that causes as little disruption as possible.
If you have any questions then please contact:
- Matthew Aylen (Site Administration Manager) – 020 8555 1937, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Jim Luxford (Project Manager) – email@example.com
- 24/7 Park hotline – 0800 0722 110
Thursday 1st October – Chobham Manor Build Update
We want to provide all local residents with a further update on the construction works taking place at our Chobham Manor development in Stratford.
The first residents from Phase 1D will be moving into their new homes on Friday 9th October, while work on Phase 1C is well under way with the reinforced concrete frame now complete and construction work on the houses being carried out.
Two new tower cranes have been erected on site and the groundwork for Phase 1B has also begun.
We are aiming for the Reinforced Concrete Frame in Phase 1B to be half way to completion by Christmas this year, while further piling work to phase 2 is due to start in December 2015 and continue through to February 2016.
Due to the work taking place, there has been a lot of construction traffic moving material from the site, and we want to inform everyone that we are monitoring the situation and working alongside Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park Management and LLDC to ensure that this does not have any major impact on local residents.
Following a recent complaint we would like to assure local residents that we are continuing to monitor dust and noise levels that occur as a result of the construction work and that the site team will deal with all issues the moment they become aware.
There will be a period over the Christmas season where no work will be taking place on site, and we will provide a further update on this in due course.
Taylor Wimpey and L&Q
Thursday 30th July – Chobham Manor in gear for safer cycling
Cyclists are invited to attend a free cycling safety event to promote road safety around construction sites thanks to Chobham Manor, a Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park housing development.
The Chobham Manor Cycling Safety Event, will be held this Friday (31 July) 2-5pm at Western Plaza, Lee Valley VeloPark. It is hoped the day will allow road safety specialists to give local cyclists advice and encourage discussion about best practise between road users.
Chobham Manor is a joint venture between L&Q housing association and Taylor Wimpey. Also present on the day will be the Metropolitan Police, Lee Valley Regional Park Authority and Bikeworks (a cycling focused social enterprise).
Activities will include getting to sit in the driver’s seat of a heavy goods vehicle to get a better understanding of what the driver can and can’t see; All Ability bikes such as hand cranks, recumbents and a Wattbike (collects real-time data on the rider’s fitness and technique); The Met and Bikeworks will also be providing safety information, free bicycle security marking and help planning cycle routes around the capital.
Chobham Manor is the first of the five new neighbourhoods on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. It will provide 828 new homes, including town and mews houses, maisonettes and single flats, with 75 per cent designed for families and around a third affordable homes. It will welcome its first residents in 2015.
Belinda Moreau-Jones, Project Lead for Community Regeneration and Partnerships for Chobham Manor, said: “The event promises to be a fantastic opportunity for cycling enthusiasts and novices alike to get involved and learn about how to be safe on the roads and around local construction sites. We are proud to be working with our development partners to build thriving communities and encourage safer cycling in the city.”
Tuesday 28th July – Piling works are under way at Chobham Manor
Development work at Chobham Manor Phase 2 has now started with piling works in progress.
These works began on Monday 27th July and the current programme is scheduled to last for no more than three weeks. Hours of operation during the piling process will be from 8am to 6pm, Monday to Friday, and then from 8am to 1pm on Saturdays, though the site team will try to finish a little earlier on each day if they possibly can.
Once the current programme of piling works is complete, there will be a further three-week period of piling taking place at the end of September. Further details of this will be provided nearer to the time.
We apologise in advance for any inconvenience this may cause.
23rd July 2015 - Free Safer Cycling event at Lee Valley VeloPark
Lee Valley VeloPark is hosting a Safer Cycling event on Friday 31st July from 2pm to 5pm – it’s for everyone, from beginners to keen cyclists!
This free event comes courtesy of Chobham Manor LLP (a joint venture between Taylor Wimpey and L&Q) with the Metropolitan Police, Lee Valley Regional Park Authority and Bikeworks.
See below for more information…
14th July 2015 - Construction Update
We want to provide all local residents with a quick update on the construction works which are set to take place soon at our Chobham Manor development in Stratford.
Piling foundation works for the Second Phase of homes are planned to start on 20th July, taking place in the middle of the site and lasting approximately two months.
While we will try to avoid any disruption, we want to make you aware that there may be some building noise and construction traffic while this is carried out.
Our attached letter will provide you with further details about the construction works taking place at our Chobham Manor development, as well as a contact number if you have any further queries.
9th April 2015 – ‘Me, You, Us’ – photos capture real East London lives
A unique exhibition of photographs taken by ordinary Londoners and capturing the essence of 15 East London families opens on Friday 17th April in East London, providing a colourful and personal insight into the photographers, their loved ones and their world.
The photographs are exhibited alongside a selection of portraits of East London women, by East London women.
‘Me, You, Us’ is an honest celebration of the people of East London and a result of groups working collectively to produce photographs. Each portrait has been constructed personally and differently and all are displayed as taken, without Photoshop or any alterations in post-production.
One of the themes explored is family dynamics. Participating photographer and mum Tiegh Leader says “capturing the true essence of our family has proven to be challenging….we are pieces of a puzzle that slot together.”
The exhibition also highlights loss of family and the challenge of living in East London following family breakdown. “My time in London is hard,” says exhibitor Dinesh Venkatesan, who came to London from India with his wife and child, from whom he is now separated. “I am no longer married and I haven’t seen my child for 39 months. I don’t have family here and during my time here my parents in India have passed away. The photographs show the way I deal with London.”
Liz Clough, the artist leading the project and curating the exhibition, said: “In meeting to share their common interest in photography, everyone involved formed strong connections with each other. They also built confidence by developing skills required to take a good photograph. The exhibition also brings together the wider community to enjoy and share their stories as East Londoners. It promotes the importance of conversation, friendship, support and equality. Through the eyes of our neighbours we understand ourselves.”
Belinda Moreau-Jones, Project Lead for Community Regeneration and Partnerships for the Chobham Manor project, one of the organisations funding the project said: “The project has enabled the participants to build their confidence by learning photography as a group in a non-judgemental environment. The group have also been able to explore their individual family histories and reflect upon these in their portrait photography. This project has been funded as part of a programme of commitments by Chobham Manor LLP as we seek to invest in communities surrounding Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park by encouraging people to take part in activities where they can meet each other, form friendships and new networks and become more involved in their communities.”
‘Me, You, Us’ takes place from April 17th – 24th 2015 at The Arts Pavilion, Clinton Road, London, E3 4QY.
Opening times: Weekdays 11am-6.30pm. Closed Thursday. Saturday and Sunday 11am-5pm. Admission is free.
23rd January 2015 - Intergenerational project builds on Olympic Park legacy
A cookery book made for an intergenerational project, which brought together older local Stratford residents with pupils from Chobham Academy in Newham, has been completed and was launched at a special event at Chobham Manor on Tuesday 20th January
From September to December 2014 a group of year 9 pupils from Chobham Academy and 10 local people 55+ worked together on a cookery project with artists from intergenerational arts charity Magic Me.
Holly Stratton, Programme Director at Magic Me, says: “Newham has changed a lot in the past few years and it is important that different generations have a space to reflect on this together, sharing their stories and thoughts on the local area with each other. At Magic Me we aim to enable these types of conversations through creative activity.”
Funded by Chobham Manor LLP, a joint venture between ourselves and L&Q, one of London’s largest residential developers, to build the first new neighbourhood on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, the scheme gave participants a space to explore themes around culture and identity, and to share their stories and experiences of their local area.
The project gave space for different generations in Stratford to meet, make, cook and share ideas and together. Over the weeks the groups came up with content for their very own recipe book – ‘Recipes for Success’. The recipe book brings together the group’s work, displaying the artwork, stories and recipes that have been made and shared.
Belinda Moreau-Jones, Project Lead, Community Regeneration and Partnerships for L&Q and spokesperson for the Chobham Manor project team, says: “We are very proud of the Recipes for Success project as it encapsulates our aim to foster a strong and cohesive community around our Chobham Manor development.
“Together with our partners we will continue to invest in the area’s valuable social fabric, bringing people together of all ages and backgrounds to ensure a bright legacy for Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.”
The group met for weekly sessions. Some weeks they worked in the workshops learning new skills, using drills and saws to make giant kebabs and needle work to make fruit shaped cushions. Other weeks they were in the kitchen coming up with new recipes, teaching others their own and experimenting with new ideas.
A spokesperson for Chobham Academy says: “The selected students from Chobham Academy are very proud and privileged to be part of such a successful, collaborative celebration of art work and recipes from the old to new.”
An older participant of the Magic Me Recipes for Success project says: “The sessions have given us opportunities for finding out about each other. It’s nice to have that interaction with the young ones.”
A copy of the recipe book will shortly be available for free download from Magic Me’s website at www.magicme.co.uk.
28th October 2014 – Aspiring architects complete Chobham Manor design placements
Two architecture students from Newham have successfully completed their work experience placements which saw them being involved in helping to design Chobham Manor.
A third student from Greenwich has also been offered a one-year paid placement. The placements were undertaken with established architects PRP and Make, who were part of the team which created Chobham Manor’s unique design.
Khalida Ahmed (20) and Sahar Pathan (19) recently completed their six-week placements and will now continue to be mentored by their respective placement providers as they return to their degree courses. Ioana Tamas (21) from Greenwich so impressed the selection panel that she was offered her one-year paid training placement with PRP architects, which she began in August.
To apply for the six-week placements, candidates had to be a local architecture student or recent graduate who had not yet joined a practice. Placement students were able to get involved in a variety of activities including model making, contributing to planning documents, learning computer programmes and meeting with clients, directors and engineers.
The placements were funded by Chobham Manor LLP, a joint venture between L&Q housing association, which owns more than 70,000 properties in London and the South East, and leading national homebuilder, Taylor Wimpey. Together with the London Legacy Development Corporation, they have designed a neighbourhood suitable for a wide-range of Londoners which includes 75% family homes. The Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust, which supports young people seeking to become architects, was the project’s delivery partner. The Chobham Manor architectural placement programme is now in its second year.
Belinda Moreau-Jones, Project Lead, Community Regeneration and Partnerships for L&Q and spokesperson for the Chobham Manor project team, said: “Providing local young people with skills and training is a core priority in the delivery of the Chobham Manor project. These young people have been given a fantastic opportunity to showcase their skills in front of some of the leading architecture practices in London, develop hands-on experience in their chosen careers and gained ongoing mentorship. We are very proud of the fantastic outcomes of this year’s Chobham Manor design project and wish all of our candidates the best with their future careers.”
Doreen Thompson-Addo, Programme Manager at the Stephen Lawrence Trust, said: “We’re very pleased to have been involved in this partnership for the second year. The Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust strives to create opportunities for young people who do not have the advantage of existing networks in architecture that others might have. It has been a pleasure to work with the partners involved to broker these fantastic opportunities and we look forward to working with them again in the future. We are delighted to be providing support to Khalida, Sahar and Ioana in their path to becoming fully qualified and their future careers in architecture.”
Paul Brickell, Executive Director of Regeneration and Community Partnerships at the London Legacy Development Corporation, said: “Work placements like these are a great opportunity for young people starting their careers to learn new skills and gain valuable expertise. It is fantastic that Chobham Manor LLP has been able to provide these young trainee architects with such a great opportunity and it ensures that the Legacy Corporation is able to continue its commitment to use the regeneration of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park to provide a wide range of benefits to local people through employment, skills and training. We’re also delighted to have this association with the Stephen Lawrence Trust.”
Sahar Pathan, who completed a placement with Make, said: “I never thought I would have the chance to work on such a big project at this stage. When it is finished I can tell people that I helped with bits of that.”
Ioana Tamas, who gained a paid placement year with PRP Architects, said: “I feel very lucky. I had put a lot of preparation into my application and I’m delighted that I’ve been offered a one year paid placement so soon after completing my Part 1 [architectural degree]. I am very grateful to PRP Architects for offering me this opportunity.”
28th August 2014 – Homes are accessible for all
Disabled people seeking a brand new home that’s perfect for their needs will find just what they are looking for at Chobham Manor.
The neighbourhood has been designed to be suitable for a wide range of Londoners who want to build their lives in an exciting new community, including well-designed homes for wheelchair users.
All of the homes at Chobham Manor will be designed to meet Lifetime Homes Standards, ensuring they are suitable for the changing needs of residents at different stages of life, including people with mobility impairments.
In addition, 10 per cent of homes at Chobham Manor will include features to ensure they are adaptable for wheelchair users.
Chobham Manor spokesperson, Simon Baxter, says: “A key aim of Chobham Manor is to become a neighbourhood that is suitable for a wide range of people – if it wasn’t, it simply wouldn’t be a neighbourhood.
“The wheelchair adaptable homes which we are providing across Chobham Manor will have space standards built into their design and will require minor non-structural alterations to make them fully wheelchair accessible.”
The first phase of homes at Chobham Manor went on sale in May, and includes three wheelchair adaptable properties – a one and a two-bedroom apartment, plus a three-bedroom house.
Features of these wheelchair adaptable homes include provision of accessible parking spaces, internal mobility scooter storage and charge points, allowance for full wheelchair circulation within the homes and communal spaces and storage.
In addition, Lifetime Homes Standards include features such as accessible communal lifts, allowance for wheelchair turning spaces in living and dining areas, the potential for future stair lift installation, space for through-the-floor lifts in houses and duplex apartments, accessible bathrooms and increased hallway widths.
Chobham Manor LLP, a joint venture between Taylor Wimpey and L&Q, is also supporting this year’s National Paralympic Day on Saturday 30 August. Visitors to the event, which includes international sports competition for just £5 and a free family festival showcasing disability sports and arts, will be encouraged to visit the Sales and Marketing Suite to learn more about the accessible homes.
The homes at Chobham Manor benefit from an incredible location both in terms of accessibility and amenities, bordering Lee Valley VeloPark, the wide open spaces of the north of the Park and East Village, the former Athletes Village.
Seventy-five per cent of the homes will be family homes with three or more bedrooms and 28 per cent of homes across the whole Chobham Manor development will be affordable homes, the first of which will be available in summer 2015.
The current release of homes for sale on the open market comprises four-bedroom houses and three-bedroom maisonettes and duplex apartments, with prices starting at £540,000.
The Sales and Marketing Suite and show apartments are located at Olympic Park Avenue, E20 5LR, and open daily between 10am and 5.30pm. Alternatively, the Sales Executive can be contacted on 020 3435 9269, while more details can be found at www.chobhammanor.co.uk.
1st August 2014 – Finalising Phase 2 proposals
The Chobham Manor project team is fine tuning the reserved matters planning application for Phase 2 of Chobham Manor.
A public consultation detailing Phase 2 was held in July, and now the team is finalising the application, with a view to submitting it to the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park planning authority later this year.
While the consultation period for Phase 2 has now ended, you can still get in touch with the Chobham Manor project team by completing the form on the Your Feedback page.
You can also view the information boards which were displayed during the public consultation by visiting the Information Boards page.
4th July 2014 – Modern-day Bayeux Tapestry unveiled at Chobham Manor
David Shillinglaw’s ‘Tapestry’ is part of the Living Walls public art programme curated by Moniker Projects and Create London, which comprises a variety of striking installations on hoardings around the Park in Stratford, east London.
Tapestry is David’s modern-day take on the Bayeux tapestry, and represents the story of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games through the eyes of the communities local to Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
Living Walls was commissioned by the London Legacy Development Corporation, with Tapestry also being supported by Chobham Manor LLP, a joint venture between Taylor Wimpey and L&Q, who are developing the Chobham Manor neighbourhood. Living Walls is a major project that is part of the Legacy Corporation’s Arts & Culture strategy which aims to create world class art for everyone to enjoy in and around Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
Lindsay Edmunds, Producer at Moniker Projects says: “Tapestry was a huge undertaking for David, who worked from a 15m easel and painted every inch of the 385m, and it looks incredible.
“More than 50 people of all generations in the local area were interviewed as part of the project, which saw them asked for their thoughts and feelings about their area pre-Games, post-Games and for the future.
“Their responses provided David with the reference material he needed to tell the story of the local community’s journey from the announcement London had won the bid, to the end of the 2012 Olympics and beyond.”
Tapestry was unveiled by David at a special event held at Chobham Manor on Wednesday 2nd July, which saw those involved in the project have their first opportunity to see the installation. The overall Living Walls project is set to be completed later this summer, when all installations will be on show for the public to enjoy.
Andrew Harrington, spokesperson for Chobham Manor LLP, says: “Tapestry is an amazing piece of artwork that is truly rooted in the local communities surrounding Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
“I would urge people to come to Chobham Manor and the wider Park to discover the installations that form the Living Walls project – it really has to be seen to be believed!”
29th January 2014 – Planning permission granted for first phase of Chobham Manor homes
Developers have been given the green light to begin building the first new homes at Chobham Manor, an exciting new district for Stratford, east London, and the first new neighbourhood to be built on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
On Tuesday 28th January, the London Legacy Development Corporation and Chobham Manor LLP – a joint venture between leading national homebuilder Taylor Wimpey and L&Q, one of London’s largest residential developers – had the development’s Reserved Matters Planning Application containing details of the first phase of 259 homes approved.
Located in the north of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park between East Village and Lee Valley VeloPark, Chobham Manor will feature a mix of stylish one to five-bedroom apartments and houses which are expected to go on sale in late spring, with residents moving in by late 2015.
In E20, London’s newest postcode, work will start very shortly on the first phase of the vibrant new neighbourhood which will also feature tree-lined avenues, state-of-the-art architecture and relaxing green landscaped areas.
Chobham Manor has been designed for a wide-range of Londoners who want to build their lives in an exciting new community. Seventy-five per cent (194) of the 259 homes will be family homes with three or more bedrooms. Twen